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PHOTOS

Firewood- Bosnian central heating & Garbage

Economy-costs of war, Forestry, carbon footprint

Categorized in these topics: Women's Trauma Issues


Stacks of wood are behind the garbage that is piled up. Picture taken in 2003


The psychospiritual trauma of being stripped of every modern item has the physical, cognitive and affective vulnerability of the Bosnians surviving the aftermath of war. Yet, the demise of their pre-war living standards recruited the Bosnians to return to their Proto-South agrian way of life. Wood is chopped not by cutting down huge tracts of forests, rather it is mostly done by horse or specific trees that are ripe for destruction. However, the carbon emissions and carbon footprint is huge costing many Bosnians their health and even deaths as the elderly living stories high above the ground would freeze to death in their apartments. The fact of physical limitations in carrying the firewood up many flights of stairs (no working elevators)and the cost of firewood dictates their time of death.

In the aftermath of war municipal failures such as sanitation struggle against corruption, fraud and lack of money. The garbage combusts spontaneously creating a potential for catastrophic fire conditions. The Kolo Sumejja women protested the irregular pick up of garbage in 2003.

Municipal services to include electrical and water is sporadic and often can be shut off for days.



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